As we all know, the body is a unique mechanism that consists of many parts and organs.
All parts of the body serve something and perform a specific function, thus contributing to the functioning of the entire organism.
It is always interesting to study body parts and their functions.
Some parts of the body are of crucial importance and we could not live without them.
However, there are parts of the body, even organs, without which life would still be possible.
In any case, there are always new things and facts that you can discover about your body, so if you are interested in that, then we advise you to read this text.
In this text we are going to talk about the parts of the body that start with the letter P.
We are going to tell you the most important facts related to these body parts.
Most Common Body Parts That Start With P
The first part of the body that we are going to mention that starts with the letter P is the palm.
The palm is a part of the hand that is located on its underside. The palm is also known as the metacarpus.
Because of that the palm bones have been known as metacarpals. It is important to know that each palm contains 5 bones.
The palm has a couple of functions and most of them are very important for the normal functioning of the whole hand.
The palm has the function to allow you to grip things and objects.
Also, the palm plays an important role in writing and sewing.
An important thing related to the palm is that it doesn’t contain any hairs.
Also, when you expose your hands to the sun, the palms can never be tanned.
It is very common to feel the pain in your palm. The causes can be different and in this case most important is to rest the hand as much as you can.
Also, a good idea is to use a bandage and to wrap it around the hand if you feel pain in your palm.
However, there may be a more serious condition that can affect your palm and it is the so called Dupuytren’s contracture.
It is a deformity that is developing in a gradual way. This deformity is usually caused by the finger contractions.
If your fingers are affected by Dupuytren’s contracture, you will not be able to perform your daily activities because you will not be able to straighten your fingers completely.
In the case of this condition, you will have to treat it correctly.
It means that doctors will need to remove or break the cords or knots of tissue that may be there in your palm.
The next organ that begins with the letter P is one of the most important organs in the human body. It is the pancreas.
The pancreas is a part of the endocrine system as well as a part of the digestive system.
The pancreas is located in the abdomen and it has the size of a hand. The function of pancreas is very important because this organ is making enzymes.
The enzymes are actually the natural juices that are made in pancreas and they have the function to break down foods.
More precisely, the function of these enzymes is to break down fat, starch and sugar.
Some of the most important enzymes that are made in pancreas are protease, lipase and amylase.
Protease is the enzyme that has the function to break down proteins.
Also, this enzyme is protecting you from germs and bacteria that may be there in your bowels.
It is known that the proteins that are not digested can cause allergies in many people.
Lipase is a very important pancreatic enzyme and it has the function to break down the fat and help your body absorb it properly.
If there is not enough lipase in your body, there will be a problem with fat absorption, which can lead to diarrhea and other similar digestive problems.
The next pancreatic enzyme that we are going to mention is amylase. Amylase is the enzyme that will help you break down starch and use it as energy.
If there is not enough amylase in your body, your body will not be able to digest carbohydrates, which can lead to diarrhea and other digestive problems.
Now when you have seen what the most important enzymes produced in pancreas are, we are going to mention the hormones that are made in this organ and that are also very important for its normal functioning.
Another important function of pancreas is to make hormones, which can be very helpful in the functioning of the digestive system.
The hormones that are made in pancreas are travelling through the body and their function is also very important.
These hormones can regulate the level of blood sugar in your body and they can control your appetite.
Also, the pancreatic hormones can stimulate the acids in your stomach and they can help in emptying your stomach.
It is good to know that the hormones that are made in pancreas are insulin, glucagon, amylin and gastrin.
First of all we are going to tell you something about insulin. The main function of this hormone is to help the body use sugar as a source of energy.
Also, insulin helps in regulating blood sugar levels in the body.
If there is not enough insulin in your body, it can lead to high sugar levels and also to diabetes.
Another hormone that is made in pancreas is glucagon and it can help in the case of a very low blood sugar level.
In this case glucagon will help increase the blood sugar levels.
Actually, this hormone will send a signal to the liver and the liver will release the sugar that was stored in it.
Gastrin is the hormone that is made in both stomach and pancreas.
The function of this hormone is to stimulate the stomach to produce gastric acid. Because of that this hormone is called gastrin.
When it comes to amylin, this hormone has the function to regulate appetite and to keep it under control.
Also, this hormone will give a signal to your stomach to get empty when needed.
As we have said, the pancreas is a very important organ in the human body. If it doesn’t work well, it can cause serious complications to the whole organism.
The most common conditions that can affect pancreas are diabetes and pancreatitis.
The most serious condition that can affect pancreas is pancreatic cancer.
When we talk about the body parts starting with P, we have to mention phalanges that are actually bones located in fingers.
It is important to know that the thumb contains 2 phalanges, while all other fingers contain 3 phalanges.
When we sum up all finger bones, we can conclude that there are a total of 14 phalanges on each hand.
Apart from the phalanges, there are many muscles, tendons and ligaments in the hand.
As you know, the muscles allow the phalanges to contract, while the ligaments allow joints to bind together.
The tendons have the function to make a connection between muscles and bones in the hand, which can allow the movement of the hand.
It is also important to mention many nerves, arteries and veins that are located in the hand and that are responsible for the flow of the blood to fingers and hand.
The next part of the body that starts with the letter P is pelvis. It is the area that is located below the abdomen.
Actually, it is located between the bones of the hip.
The pelvis of a woman contains bladder, rectum, vagina, uterus, cervix, ovaries and fallopian tubes, while the pelvis of a man contains bladder, rectum, seminal vesicles and the prostate.
We can also say that the pelvis is a solid bony ring that surrounds the pelvic cavity.
The pelvis consists of two pelvic bones, the sacrum and the coccyx.
The pelvis could be defined as a bone complex that has the function to connect the legs and the trunk.
Also, its function is to support the trunk and to balance it.
The pelvis has the role of transferring the body load from the spine to the legs, but also to protect the internal organs located in the pelvic cavity.
Other Body Parts Starting With P
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