Body Parts That Start With V

When we think of body parts, we might immediately think of the major organs such as the heart, lungs, and brain.

However, many other parts of the body are just as important and fascinating, including those that start with the letter “v.”

From the vagus nerve that regulates bodily functions to the vermis that coordinates movement and balance, these body parts play essential roles in the functioning of our bodies.

The Most Common Body Parts That Start With The Letter V


Veins are blood vessels that carry blood toward the heart. They are an essential part of the circulatory system, transporting blood throughout the body.

Veins are characterized by their thin walls and ability to expand and contract to accommodate changes in blood flow.

Veins are divided into two main types: deep veins and superficial veins.

Deep veins are located deep within the muscles, while superficial veins are closer to the skin’s surface.

Superficial veins can be seen just beneath the skin and are often used for medical procedures such as drawing blood or inserting IVs.

Veins play an essential role in maintaining the health and well-being of the body.

They help regulate blood flow and ensure that all body parts receive the oxygen and nutrients they need to function correctly.

However, when veins become damaged or diseased, they can cause various health problems, including blood clots, varicose veins, and other circulatory disorders.


In human anatomy, the vestibule is an area in the female genitalia between the labia minora.

It is a small, recessed space that contains the openings of the urethra and the vagina.

The vestibule plays a vital role in sexual arousal and sensation.

It contains many nerve endings, which can be stimulated during sexual activity to produce pleasurable sensations.

It also helps to protect the openings of the urethra and vagina from bacteria and other harmful organisms.

In addition to its function in sexual health, the vestibule is essential for maintaining overall reproductive health.

The vestibule is a vital part of the female reproductive system, with essential functions in both sexual health and overall reproductive health.

Vocal cords

Vocal cords are two folds of tissue in the larynx, or voice box, that vibrate to produce sound.

The vocal cords, also known as vocal folds, play a critical role in speech, singing, and other forms of verbal communication.

When we speak or sing, air passes through the vocal cords, causing them to vibrate and produce sound.

The pitch of the sound is determined by the vocal cords’ tension, while the sound’s volume is determined by the force of the air passing through them.

By adjusting the pressure and strength of the vocal cords, we can produce a wide range of sounds and tones.

The vocal cords are also crucial for protecting the airways and preventing foreign objects from entering the lungs.

When we swallow, the vocal cords close to prevent food or liquid from entering the windpipe.

Similarly, when we cough or sneeze, the vocal cords help to expel foreign particles from the respiratory system.


Vertebra is one of the 33 individual bones that make up the vertebral column, or spine, which runs from the base of the skull to the pelvis.

Each vertebra is a small, bony structure separated from the other vertebrae by intervertebral discs, which act as shock absorbers and allow for spine movement.

The vertebral column plays a critical role in the body, providing support and protection for the spinal cord, the main pathway for transmitting messages between the brain and the rest of the body.

The vertebrae also help to support the weight of the head and torso, allowing for movement and flexibility of the spine.

Each vertebra has a unique structure, with various features and processes that allow for different types of movement and support.

For example, the cervical vertebrae in the neck are smaller and more mobile than the thoracic and lumbar vertebrae, which are larger and designed to provide more stability.


In human anatomy, a vessel is any tubular structure that carries fluids throughout the body.

There are several types of vessels in the body, including blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, and vessels of the digestive system.

Blood vessels are the most well-known type of vessel. They include arteries, veins, and capillaries, carrying blood throughout the body.

Arteries carry oxygen-rich blood away from the heart, while veins carry oxygen-depleted blood back to the heart.

Capillaries are tiny vessels connecting arteries and veins, exchanging oxygen and other nutrients between the blood and the body’s tissues.

On the other hand, lymphatic vessels are part of the body’s immune system.

They help to circulate lymph, a fluid that contains white blood cells and other immune cells that fight infection and disease.

The vessels of the digestive system, such as the esophagus, stomach, and intestines, are responsible for transporting food and nutrients throughout the body.


Ventricle is a term used to describe two of the heart’s four chambers. The heart has a left ventricle and a right ventricle.

The left ventricle receives oxygen-rich blood from the left atrium and pumps it out to the body, while the right ventricle receives oxygen-poor blood from the right atrium and pumps it to the lungs for oxygenation.

The ventricles generate the pressure that propels blood through the circulatory system.


Vesicles are small, fluid-filled sacs that are present in different parts of the body.

They are formed by a lipid bilayer, a thin membrane that separates the vesicle’s contents from the outside environment.

Vesicles have a variety of functions depending on their location and type.

Synaptic vesicles, for example, are found in neurons and store neurotransmitters that allow for communication between neurons.

On the other hand, Golgi vesicles transport proteins and lipids to different parts of the cell or to the cell membrane for secretion.

Lysosomes are vesicles that contain enzymes to break down waste products and cellular debris.

In contrast, secretory vesicles store and release proteins and other molecules that the cell needs or that are released into the extracellular environment.

Finally, endosomes are vesicles involved in the sorting, processing, and trafficking membrane proteins and lipids.

Vagus nerve

The vagus nerve is the tenth cranial nerve in the human body and is the longest nerve of the autonomic nervous system.

It is a mixed nerve, meaning it contains sensory and motor fibers, and it travels from the brainstem to various organs in the body, including the heart, lungs, stomach, and intestines.

The vagus nerve regulates various bodily functions, including heart rate, digestion, and breathing.

It also plays a role in controlling the reflexes that cause coughing, sneezing, and vomiting.

In addition, the vagus nerve has afferent and efferent pathways, which means it can send information from the organs to the brain and vice versa.

Stimulation of the vagus nerve has been used therapeutically to treat conditions such as epilepsy, depression, and inflammation.

It can be stimulated either surgically or non-invasively, and research has shown promising results in treating these conditions.


The vermis is a narrow, worm-like structure located in the center of the cerebellum, a part of the brain responsible for coordinating movement and balance.

It is part of the spinocerebellum, which receives sensory information from the spinal cord and sends motor commands to the muscles.

The vermis is divided into anterior, posterior, and flocculonodular lobes.

Each lobe has a different function.

The anterior lobe is primarily involved in controlling limb movements, the posterior lobe controls eye movements, and the flocculonodular lobe maintains balance and vestibular reflexes.

The vermis plays a crucial role in the coordination of motor activity and in maintaining balance and posture.

Damage to the vermis can result in ataxia, a condition characterized by a lack of coordination and unsteady gait.

In addition to motor functions, the vermis is also involved in cognitive processes such as attention, working memory, and language.

Vascular Artery

It’s important to note that arteries and veins are the two main types of blood vessels in the body, and “vascular” refers to anything related to blood vessels.

That being said, a vascular artery is simply an artery that is part of the vascular system.

Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood away from the heart and distribute it throughout the body’s tissues and organs.

Arteries are thicker and more muscular than veins, as they must withstand the high blood flow pressure as it leaves the heart.

The vascular system as a whole plays a critical role in maintaining proper bodily functions by supplying oxygen and nutrients to various tissues and organs.

The vascular system also regulates blood pressure and body temperature, among other parts.

Some examples of specific vascular arteries in the body include the carotid arteries in the neck that supply blood to the brain, the coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart, and the femoral arteries in the thigh that supply blood to the legs. 

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